Monte Carlo method
  • A computer-assisted mathematical technique for problem solving, in which repeated calculations or simulations are made using a combination of actual data, when available, and data selected randomly. Especially useful when dealing with problems with too many variables for conventional analytical treatment. May be used, for instance, to numerically plot the trajectories of many particles, and predict the interactions these have with a material through which they travel. The random aspects of this method are loosely analogous to the uncertain results that may be obtained by gambling, and Monte Carlo, Monaco, is a well-known gaming location. Also called Monte Carlo simulation, or Monte Carlo technique.
  • synonym Monte Carlo simulation
  • synonym Monte Carlo technique

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